Web Components

This example shows how to integrate HTMX with web components, allowing it to be used inside of shadow DOM.

By default, HTMX doesn’t know anything about your web components, and won’t see anything inside their shadow DOM. Because of this, you’ll need to manually tell HTMX about your component’s shadow DOM by using htmx.process.

customElements.define('my-component', class MyComponent extends HTMLElement {
  // This method runs when your custom element is added to the page
  connectedCallback() {
    const root = this.attachShadow({ mode: 'closed' })
    root.innerHTML = `
      <button hx-get="/my-component-clicked" hx-target="next div">Click me!</button>
    htmx.process(root) // Tell HTMX about this component's shadow DOM

Once you’ve told HTMX about your component’s shadow DOM, most things should work as expected. However, note that selectors such as in hx-target will only see elements inside the same shadow DOM - if you need to access things outside of your web components, you can use one of the following options:

The same principles generally apply to web components that don’t use shadow DOM as well; while selectors won’t be encapsulated like with shadow DOM, you’ll still have to point HTMX to your component’s content by calling htmx.process.

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